Much has been said of Colombian coffee in recent years and its production has been recognized worldwide as one of the best. What makes Colombian coffee special? In Worbunna we wonder about what makes us different and this is the answer that we came up with. It might not be the only answer, but we found a number of factors that differentiate our product and we want to tell you about them.
While Colombia has very special geographical and climate conditions for growing coffee, it is not much different than other countries in the region, such as Ecuador. The first thing done differently with Colombian coffee is how we start early with economic activity based on this product.
It is estimated that in 1730 the Jesuits brought the first coffee beans to what was New Granada. In 1835, when the first coffee production was recorded with the objective of international commercialization, Colombia experienced modest commercial growth. However, coffee was the product of large landowners and exportation was extremely difficult due to international economic conditions.
By the early twentieth century however, and partly as a result of the previous crisis, coffee production by small producers had developed in Colombia. This changed the country’s relationship with crops, creating a special product and adding a distinct human value to it. It also became a factor of identity for Colombians.
In Colombia only Arabica coffee is grown and of the following varieties: Typical, Borbón, Maragogipe, Tabi, Caturra and the variety Castillo, formerly known as Colombia variety. This variety has enabled a more detailed and consistent work, especially in terms of research and scientific studies for crop improvement. Colombia has managed to build not only a coffee industry, brought a culture of perfection to it.
While processes have been modernized to allow a high quantity of quality coffee production in Colombia, the collection is still an entirely manual labor. The foragers are the men and women of Colombia who are committed to selecting the best “cherries”. This dedication not only guarantees product quality, but also connects the agricultural functions with the infallible human factor. While the coffee is collected the best stories are told, dreams are shared, songs are sung, and plants are treated with care.
Colombian coffee is usually grown in the shade. This style creates number of benefits for the plant associated with quality, as the grain grows at slower speeds and with greater intensity. Shade grown cultivation also allows greater conservation of water in the soil and protects the roots from the harshness of the sun.
We could continue finding reasons to better understand the Colombian coffee but today we decided to focus on there. We hope to continue to improve on each delivery, leaning from the experience we gain in our dailywork with coffee.